Horticulture Farming: What are the Types of Horticulture Crops Grown in India?

Types of horticultural crops grown in India


In this article, we are going to see the types of horticulture crops grown in India.

What is Horticulture?

Horticulture is the branch of agriculture concerned with intensively cultured plants directly used by man for food, medicinal purposes, and aesthetic gratification. In more straightforward words, it is development, creation, and offer of vegetables, organic products, blossoms, herbs, or exotic plants.

The term Horticulture is derived from the Latin words hortus (garden) and cultūra (cultivation).

Horticultural crops require serious consideration in planting, completing intercultural activities, controlled growth, harvesting, bundling, promoting, storage and processing. India is the second-largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world after China.

Read also: Advantages and disadvantages of a drip irrigation system

Horticultural crops constitute a significant portion of the total agricultural produce in India. It has been perceived that developing horticulture crops is currently a perfect alternative to improve occupation security, upgrade business age, and achieve pay and nourishment security, and increment pay through worth expansion. In India, around 55–60 percent of the total population depends on agriculture and allied activities.

Types of Horticulture Crops Grown in India – Region  wise


S.No Growing Regions Crops
1 Northern Haryana Bottle gourd, marigold
2 Himachal Pradesh Apple, potato
3 Jammu and Kashmir Apple
4 Punjab Citrus fruits
5 Uttarakhand Potato
6 Uttar Pradesh


Mango, banana, potato, sweet potato, watermelon, bottle gourd, jasmine
7 Rajasthan


Pomegranate, onion, jasmine, tuberose
8 Western Chhattisgarh Bottle gourd, rose
9 Goa Coconut, arecanut, cashew nut Gujarat Banana, papaya, sapota, pomegranate, potato, onion, tomato, rose, marigold
10 Maharashtra


Mango, banana, grapes, citrus fruits, sapota, pomegranate, chilli, onion, rose, chrysanthemum, tuberose, marigold
11 Madhya Pradesh


Citrus fruits, papaya, pomegranate, chilli, potato, sweet potato, onion, bottle gourd, tomato, chrysanthemum, marigold
12 Southern Andhra Pradesh


Mango, banana, grapes, citrus fruits, papaya, sapota, pomegranate, coconut, chilli, watermelon, tomato, jasmine, tuberose, marigold
13 Karnataka


Mango, banana, grapes, papaya, sapota, pomegranate, coconut, chilli, onion, watermelon, tomato, rose, chrysanthemum, jasmine, tuberose, marigold
14 Kerala


Banana, coconut, sweet potato, chrysanthemum
15 Tamil Nadu


Banana, papaya, sapota, coconut, chrysanthemum, jasmine, tuberose
16 Telangana


Mango, citrus fruits, tomato Eastern Andaman and Nicobar Islands Coconut
17 Bihar


Mango, chilli, potato, onion, bottle gourd
18 West Bengal


Coconut, potato, sweet potato, watermelon, rose, marigold
19 Odisha


Coconut, sweet potato, watermelon, bottle gourd
20 North-eastern Arunachal Pradesh Turmeric, ginger
21 Assam Banana, papaya, pomegranate, coconut, tuberose
22 Meghalaya Papaya, arecanut, ginger
23 Sikkim Ginger
24 Tripura Papaya, arecanut, turmeric
25 Gujarat Banana, papaya, sapota, pomegranate, potato, onion, tomato, rose, marigold

Indian Government established the National Horticulture Board to improve the integrated development of the Horticulture industry and to help in coordinating, sustaining the production and processing of fruits and vegetables. Farmers can get benefit from the export of horticulture produce which requires compliance international standards. The government of India established consultancy for farmers/ horticulturists called Indian Horticulture and food processing (IHFP). It was started to cater to the need of progressive farmers who involved in Hi-Tech horticulture and food processing activities.

See also:

Five types of irrigation system used in agriculture

Difference between organic and inorganic fertilizer

How to construct an organic terrace garden?