In this article, we are going to see the BSc agriculture scope in India.
WHAT IS BSC AGRICULTURE ( Bachelor of Science in Agriculture)?
BSc in agriculture is a broad course with great potential. It deals with things like food production, crop farming, animal husbandry, rural economy and rural development, environmental health, etc. Some industries may face depletion but agriculture will never fall into disrepair because “food” is a basic necessity of life. Feeding the land will never suffer from recession. In fact, advances in technology, research, and innovation have greatly expanded the scope of agriculture.
BSc Agriculture is a 4-year undergraduate technical course offered by various government and private universities in India. The demand for agricultural graduates is growing daily in India and abroad. Tuition fees are also very low compared to other technical degrees.
WHAT ARE THE SUBJECTS / COURSES IN BSC AGRICULTURE?
Let’s take a look at some of the key points in the B.sc Agriculture program:
Agronomy: Basics of Agronomy, Field Crops(Kharif), Field Crops (Rabi), Crop Production, Weed Management, Irrigation Techniques, Water management, Organic Farming, Sustainable Agriculture. In addition to theoretical lessons, practical moments are also involved, in the case of these lessons.
Genetic Plants: Botany, Genetic Foundations, Plant Breeding, Seed Technology, Biotechnology Foundations. In addition to the theoretical topics mentioned above, study sessions involving these topics are present.
Soil Science: Introduction to Soil Science, Soil Fertility, Soil Chemistry, Fertilizer, Agricultural Chemistry. In addition to the theoretical topics mentioned above, study sessions involving these topics are also present.
Entomology: Pest Management, Pesticides, Grain Storage and Management. As with the above input, as well as theoretical topics, practical periods involving them are also present.
Agricultural Economics: Market Prices, Commercial Prices, Marketing, Finance, Agricultural Management, Farm Management. As well as theoretical topics, practical moments involving them are also present.
Agricultural Engineering: Agricultural Equipment, Energy and Tools, Harvesting Technology, Environmental Science and Engineering, Renewable Energy. As well as theoretical topics, practical moments involving them also exist.
Agricultural Weather: Weather patterns, agricultural weather hazards, weather zones, weather forecast. Active sessions related to theoretical topics are also available.
Plant Pathology: Plant Diseases, Nematology. Active sessions related to theoretical topics are also available.
Cultivation Horticulture: Fruit, Medicinal Plants, Aromatic Plants, Flower Production, Spices, Plant Plants Active sessions related to theoretical topics are also available.
Agricultural Expansion: Extension of Agricultural Expansion, Growth Methods, Business Development Program. Active sessions related to theoretical topics are also available.
Those were the most important topics in the program. Selected topics will also be available in the event of certain semesters. Study trips, field trips, acquisition lessons, etc. It is also available for other age groups (depending on the university).
The syllabus is a guide for ICAR (Indian Council of Agriculture Research) and is designed to train students to understand ways to improve crop production in a sustainable manner and to provide general information related to agriculture and related sectors.
WHAT CAN I DO AFTER BSC AGRICULTURE?
CAREER AFTER BSC AGRICULTURE: After graduation in agriculture there are many opportunities in various fields – such as research and development, and intermediate government jobs (Many recent programs that create new jobs), teaching at Agricultural Colleges and Universities, or you can choose higher education – MSC, Ph.D., PDF or Agri -MBA, etc.
Alternatively, you can also get jobs in many private agricultural organizations such as Marketing (especially in seeds, Pesticides & fertilizer companies), Research and development (R&D), or Extension work. You can also find other jobs at an NGO working in agricultural-related fields.
The Government of India encourages start-ups in the agricultural sector through a wide range of programs, grants, incentives, and financial support.
Apart from this one can also go to public services, banks, public and private sector where graduation is a basic foundation.
Therefore, BSc Agriculture offers many opportunities especially in India where half of the workers are subsistence farmers.
1.The Master’s in Agriculture (India)
After graduating BSc in agriculture, perseverance with higher education is one of the methods that can be used in this field. There are a variety of reputable agricultural institutions in India that offer you various courses.
You need to write the ICAR JRF exam and you must get a decent entry point in the ALL INDIA LEVEL (or) Competition.
As a graduate of agriculture, he can pursue higher education and a master’s in biotechnology, Organic agriculture, cultivating the Zero budget from prestigious institutions such as IIS, IITs, and other universities.
2.Business Manager (Agricultural Business Management – ABM)
There are many institutions in India that specialize in agricultural-related courses – Agri-Business Management. ABM graduates have a wide range in the field of marketing – in various private sectors
There are two frameworks that you can use to gain access to these facilities:
With CAT EXAM – You can log in to higher institutions like IIM-L, IIM-A, IRMA, NIAM, MANAGE.
ICAR Examination – You can enter institutions such as IABM, ANAND and IIPM and other state universities.
After completing the BSC in agriculture you can come up with competitive tests in various fields such as Banking, Defense, UPSC, SSC, and many other BSC agricultural competitive exams as a means of qualifying.
As you come from the agricultural sector there will be a different share of the Bank sector and you will have different activities like IBPS AO, SO with a different cut.
There are many state government and central government jobs that you can get after completing BSC agriculture such as:
State Government: Agriculture Officer, Office of Agricultural Development, Gazette Published Officer, Agriculture Officer, etc.
Central Government: IFFCO, FCI, department of segregation, forestry department, and central government research projects etc.
The following are some government departments with agriculture job opportunities for B graduates.
Ø Indian Agricultural Research Institute
Ø National Seed Association Limited
Ø State Farms Corporation of India
Ø Indian Food Company
Ø National Milk Development Board
Ø NABARD and other banks
Ø Agricultural financial institutions
Ø Indian Agricultural Research Council
Ø Scientific and Industrial Research Council
Ø North-East Agricultural Trade Organization
5.Teaching and Learning Activities:
If you are interested in the field of teaching you have many opportunities such as Teaching a partner (or) Assistant Professor at State universities, Diploma colleges, etc., but you need to get a NET exam to become an Assistant Professor at Universities.
The University Grants Commission (UGC) has committed a Ph.D. degree of direct employment of assistant professors at universities from July 2021.
6.Services in the Private Sector:
There are many openings in the private sector such as: Field Officer, Sales officer, Extension officer, R&D – MNCs.
Bsc agricultural Jobs in the private sector
The following are the private sector that provides employment to agricultural graduates:
Ø Agricultural industries
Ø Agricultural Marketing
Ø The financial sector focuses on agriculture
Ø Small financial institutions
Ø Fertilizer companies
Ø Agri-biotech Organizations
Apart from all the above factors your dream of becoming an entrepreneur – the agricultural sector has a red carpet for you but many aspects of agriculture have not been implemented you can make it an opportunity to become a successful entrepreneur and the government encourages people who want to start a business in the agricultural sector.
So, you have many opportunities behind BSc farming only thing to find your love and interest and follow it.
WHAT ARE THE JOB OPPORTUNITIES AFTER BSC AGRICULTURE?
The following are some of Job’s profiles of agricultural degrees:
Agricultural business managers
Agricultural business managers oversee the operation of the firm by providing leadership and organization during the production process. From consulting lenders to selecting seed for planting time and purchasing new farming equipment, it is their job to ensure that the production and distribution of produce, grain, or livestock are maintained by the government and environmental laws at a profitable rate.
Dealers of agricultural machinery
Agricultural equipment dealers sell equipment used to grow food and raise animals on farms and on farms. Products include tractors, harvesters, and related equipment.
Agricultural inspectors ensure that agribusinesses comply with government regulations. These staff members can review and research logging, fishing, or farming activities to ensure that all procedures, goods, and equipment comply with safety and health regulations.
Animal control authorities enforce local and regional laws regarding animal care and treatment. They travel to public places looking for potential signs of anxious animals and work directly with citizens regarding animal control problems.