Different Types of Irrigation Systems used in Agriculture

In this article, we are going to see the top 5 types of irrigation systems used in agriculture. The ultimate mission of implementing the irrigation systems is that your lawns and plants are preserved by using the minimum sources of water.

Let’s see the top 5 types of irrigation systems in detail:

Drip Irrigation

Drip irrigation is “an irrigation method which saves water and fertilizer by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either onto the soil surface or directly onto the root zone through a network of valves, pipes, tubing, and emitters.”  Drip Irrigation is also referred to as trickle irrigation and micro-irrigation.

In ancient times, Clay pots were filled with water and buried into the ground and they would gradually seep into the soil.  When modern plastics became more accessible during the US and Europe began using plastic micro-tubing and various types of emitters.

Drip irrigation helps to decrease water, labor, and energy costs. Drip irrigation technology has become a very popular way for landscapers to maximize the quality and beauty of their landscapes. Today it is more important than ever to use our water resources wisely so consider a drip irrigation system for your lawn and garden.

Sprinkler Irrigation

Sprinkler irrigation system discharges water like a rainfall. This is most effective as they cover the entire lands. This is suitable for wheat, gram, pulses, vegetables, tea, cotton, and other types of crops.

The outer portions of sprinkler systems are what you probably see at most homes and office buildings in the area. With most of the system buried underground, the only part you will see is the sprinklers and spray guns. These systems are great for parks, sports fields, gardens, and green areas around office buildings. They are easy to install, and the installation company often provides irrigation equipment servicing if you ever run into any problems with your sprinkler system.

Sprinklers that spray in fixed patterns are known as sprays and they can be used under low pressure. High-pressure sprinklers have an impact mechanism. They can rotate in half or full circle. Floppy sprinklers are a unique sprinkler system that does not have any moving parts. They are suitable for irrigating closely spaced crops. Full circle and part circle impact sprinklers are made up of stainless steel material and they ensure uniform rotation.

Read also: Advantages of crop rotation

Rotary Irrigation

The rotary irrigation systems are suitable for the large surface area that needs too large watering. The base units of this framework are similar to the sprinkler framework. The rotary system is an extraordinary method to get adequate water to a bigger surface zone.

Center Pivot Irrigation

A marginally more established framework, the inside rotate water system framework comprises of steel pipes that are combined and upheld with supports, with the channels mounted onto towers with wheels. These towers are set in specific situations, with sprinklers included top. The towers move in a roundabout movement, guaranteeing the sprinklers get water to all aspects of the zone in an even way. These frameworks are progressively normal in farming or mechanical setting, as they are genuinely superfluous for parks or home garden.

See also: Importance of soil management

Terraced Irrigation

The terraced irrigation system is labor-intensive. In this method, the land is cut into portions and backed via retaining walls.  The flat portions of the grounds can be employed for planting and the water surges down every part especially when watering the plots. Various types of crops can be grown by this method both in all seasons.

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See also:

Difference between drip and sprinkler irrigation

Different types of greenhouse structures

Advantages of Hydroponic Farming