What is the difference between Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers?

Natural Manures, Organic Fertilizers, Organic Manures

Any Material that supplies plants with the essential nutrients required for growth as well as yield is known Fertilizer.  It can be natural (Organic) or artificially manufactured (In Organic). Organic Fertilizer Originate from Plants or Animals, whereas Inorganic fertilizers are manufactured industrially through chemical process.

See also : Intercropping Types and Advantages

Let’s understand the difference between Organic and Inorganic Manures / Fertilizers:

Description Organic Fertilizers / Manures In-Organic Fertilizers / Manures
Physical Properties Improves the Soil Structure No effect on soil structure
Improved Water Holding Capacity No water holding capacity
Soil becomes more permeable No effect of fertilizer on Permeability
Improves Drainage in the Soil No effect
Prevents Soil Erosion No effect
Decreases water Evaporation No effect
Chemical Properties Slow release of Nutrients Fast release of nutrients
Decreases leaching of nutrients from soil No such effects
Supplies micronutrients No Micronutrients supply
Doesn’t produce acidity or alkalinity in the soil Fertilizers like sodium products produce acidity and alkalinity in the soil
Upon Decomposition produces organic acids while helps to dissolve minerals No such effects
Biological Activities Increases the growth of microorganisms like earthworms Slightly helps in the growth of microorganisms
Use Usually applied  15-20 days before the  crop is sown Nitrogen fertilizer is applied immediately before sowing.
Not used in liquid form Used as foliar spray
Used in huge quantity Used in Small Quantity
Organic manures are incorporated in soil It is also incorporated in soil but may be used as top dressing
Application By hand By hand or special equipment

See also :

How to make compost from Kitchen Waste?

How to make homemade organic pesticide?

How to convert the soil from chemical farming to organic farming?