Advantages and Disadvantages of Polyhouse Farming

advantages and disadvantages of polyhouse farming
advantages and disadvantages of polyhouse farming

In this article, we are going to see the advantages and disadvantages of polyhouse farming

What is Polyhouse Farming?

Polyhouse is a house or structure made of translucent material like glass or polyethylene where plants are grown under controlled environmental conditions.

Advantages of polyhouse farming

  • Protection against excess rain, wind current, scorching sunlight and extremely cold conditions
  • Certain crops can be grown year-round in a particular location for a continuous supply
  • Polyhouse farming produces a uniform quality of crops
  • In polyhouse farming, the production happens throughout the year
  • Protection against birds, animals, and human activities
  • In polyhouse farming, productivity is 8 to 10 times higher than crops in open fields
  • Managing insect pests, diseases and weeds are easier under these structures
  • These structures are ideal for small farmers and unemployed youth in rural areas
  • Minimum required labor, water, and fertilizers are required in polyhouse farming
  • Organic agriculture is easier under these structures
  • Any type of terrain, including unproductive soil, can be used for the construction of these structures.
  • Opportunity for precise irrigation and fertilization
  • Export-oriented production is possible under these structures

Disadvantages of polyhouse farming

  • Greater management is required during off-season months to ensure proper conditions are maintained
  • Poly-houses are more drought-resistant than buried gardens, but can quickly accumulate temperatures due to confined spaces
  • Building a poly-house will be more expensive in the initial setup compared to starting a garden in the ground.
  • Polyhouse costs a lot of money, not only to build but to maintain

See also:

Difference between monoculture and polyculture

Advantages and disadvantages of mulching

Intercropping – types and advantages