In this article, we are going to see the advantages and disadvantages of the green revolution.
What is the Green revolution?
Green Revolution refers to the process in which crop production is increased many-fold. The use of modern science to improve agricultural practices has made this possible.
Scientists discovered new chemical fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides that helped to increase more nutrients and high-yield in crops. The multiple culture technique was also introduced. This was the cultivation of two or more crops in the same field for one year.
It was a real revolution to increase food production. In India, the efforts were led by great scientists such as M S Swaminathan and Norman Borlaug.
Green Revolution – Advantages and Disadvantages
Advantages of the Green Revolution
- Green revolution helps to reduce the number of greenhouse gas emissions.
- It allows us to produce more food than traditional farming methods.
- It provides us constant returns during non-cooperative seasons.
- It causes a reduction in food prices for the global economy.
- It has reduced deforestation problems on our planet.
- Accelerated the natural evolutionary process for plant resistance
- Reduce the need for fallow regularly.
- It allows us to cultivate almost anywhere on our planet.
- Create higher income levels and more jobs in the developing world.
- Allows some farmland to produce multiple harvests in a single year
- It reduces poverty levels in the countries where it is practiced.
- Supports other sectors of the economy
See also: RFID in agriculture
Disadvantages of the Green Revolution
- Created a lack of biodiversity in global cropland structures
- It can be wiped out with one devastating disease.
- Reduces the quality of the soil used for cultivation.
- Requires the use of unsustainable agricultural methods
- It creates health impacts that we must consider with its practices.
- It has advanced beyond our current distribution networks.
- Encourages greater resistance to pests, chemicals, and other hazards
- It can stimulate the sterility of the seed.
- It may not produce enough results to create a profitable result.
For now, the advantages and disadvantages of the Green Revolution are reduced to moderation. We must continue to search for new cultivation methods, reduce the need for chemical agents, and modernize our value chains so that continuous deforestation is not necessary for the growth process.