In this article, we are going to see How to grow carrot from seeds?
Carrots are rich in Vitamin A, Which helps poor eyesight. In addition to being a tasty treat to humans, they also make a healthy treat for pets. Carrots can be in red, white, rainbow and purple colors.
SOIL & CLIMATE
Carrots prefer full sunlight, but they can grow in partial shade. They require at 1 inch of water per week, and they do best in sandier soils with a pH of 6.0 to 6.8.
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Plant Carrot seeds 3-4 inches apart in rows set a foot apart, with the seeds 1/4 inch deep. Carrots can be planted three to five weeks before the frost date in the spring.
Applying manure before planting seeds can Cause carrots to shoot out roots from their bodies. To prevent this, do not apply manure prior to planting the Seeds. Also, make sure the soil is loose and tilled deeply. If stones are in the way, they can stunt a carrot’s growth or cause them to grow in a misshapen fashion.
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When plants reach 1 inch tall, thin the plants to be 3 inches apart. Instead Of pulling out the plants, snip the tops with scissors to not damage nearby roots. Mulch can be spread lightly around the carrots. Keep up on weeding, and can be used five weeks after planting.
Carrots should continue growing through a few frosts, as it enhances the flavor. After the first fall frost, cover the carrots with shredded leaves but leave them in the ground.
Carrots are ready for harvest two-and-a-half months after planting, When diameter reaches about a half-inch. However, after they mature, carrots can be stored where they grow in the ground for an additional four weeks before they must be harvested.
Grabbing the leaves and pulling the carrot can rip foliage off the vegetable, so loosen the soil around the carrot with a fork first. For Storage, leave 1/2 inch Of green leaf at the top of the carrot, then rinse and dry the carrot before storing in the refrigerator.
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COMMON PEST AND DISEASES
When growing vegetables, it is always exciting to care for the plant throughout its growing phase and harvest it for delicious recipes later on, but one thing to out is pests and diseases. Different plants are susceptible to different types of pests and diseases, and it is important to make yourself aware so you Can keep a watchful eye and also take only preventative methods keep your plants safe throughout their lifespan. Carrots can fall victim to several pests and diseases.
PESTS IN CARROT
There are quite the variety Of pests that can carrot, and include carrot rust, carrot weevils, and nematodes. Carrot rust is caused by carrot rust flies. The flies lay their eggs in the soil around where top of the carrot plants come through.
When the eggs hatch, the larvae then burrow into the soil and into the roots of the carrot Where they eat leaving rust-colored tunnels in the lower portion of the roots. Carrot weevils are similar to a beetle and they lay eggs that when they hatch, burrow into the carrot like the carrot rust, but they typically affect upper portion of the carrot.
Parslepyorms are caterpillars that eat the top of the carrot. Nematodes are roundworms that live in the soil and when they affect the carrots, they can cause poorly formed roots, galls and root branching.
The nematodes only occur if the soil is warmer than 55 degrees. A way to prevent these is to plant your carrots early, when the soil is still cool. Preventing pests possible by using a row cover to help deter harmful pests From landing on your carrot or carrot tops.
DISEASES IN CARROT
Since carrots are root vegetables and grow mostly below ground, not all diseases affecting this vegetable are obvious at first unless the disease affects the top growth of the plant. Carrots can be affected by several diseases, including aster yellows disease, leaf blight and bacterial soft rot.Aster yellow disease is caused by an organism called a phytoplasma. This is carried by the aster leaf hopper.
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