Sugarcane is a type of grass belonging to the genus Saccharum. It is a commercial crop grown in tropical and subtropical regions for its sugar.

Step 1:  Soil Sugarcane grows well in deep rich loamy soil. However, it grows best on well-drained, fertile medium to heavy soils.

Step 2: Temperature Sugarcane requires a warm and humid climate for growth while a cool, sunny, and dry climate for ripening. The temperature requirement is 20°C to 26°C.

Step 3: Planting The sugarcane is planted in rows from 20-30 cm apart. The planting should be done on well-prepared land with proper fertilization, irrigation, and drainage facilities. 

Basically there are 4 types of sugarcane farming methods: -Ridge and Furrow Method -Wet Method -Dry Method -Flat Bed Method -Rayungan Method

Step 4: Weeding Weeds must be removed at the earliest possible stage as they reduce the yield by competing for nutrients and water with the sugarcane plants.

Step 5: Fertilizing Fertilizer application is done at the time of planting or soon after that to ensure that there are enough nutrients available for the roots of the plants to feed on.

Step 6: Watering Watering the plants is important for a variety of reasons, such as loosening the soil and promoting a healthy plant. It is recommended to water the plants by hand so that you can check for dry areas or spots that need more water. of the plants to feed on.

Step 7:  Harvesting Manual sugarcane  harvesting process involves cutting off the stem, removing its top and leaves, and dividing it into parts. The stems should be left without leaves after that, since it increases the purity of the juice during processing.f the plants to feed on.

Step 8: Yield The average sugarcane yield is between 60 to 180 tons per hectare, depending mostly on crop management used in cultivation and the properties of a sugarcane variety that is planted.