chemical farming, organic farming

How to improve the Soil which needs to be converted from Chemical Farming to Organic Farming?

Following details are for both “unused barren land” and “land in use” as well as for land which needs to be moved from chemical farming to organic farming.

Read also : Types of Intercropping and its advantages

The following 5 types of Seeds are required and their quantities are mentioned as well for 1 Acre.

1 Pasunthaal ( Green Manure Seeds ) – 4kgs Sanappu ( Sun hemp ) – 1 Kg

Thakkaipoondu ( Daincha ) – 1 Kg

Avuri ( Indigo ) – 1 Kg

Sesbania ( Sesbania ) – 1 Kg

2 Siruthaaniam ( Millet Seeds ) – 4 Kg Cholam ( Cholam ) – 1 Kg

Cumbu ( Spiket Millet ) – 1 Kg

Kelvaragu ( Ragi ) – 1 Kg

Samai ( Samai ) – 1 Kg

3 Payaru ( Cereal Seeds ) – 4 Kg Ulundu ( Black gram ) – 1 Kg

Pacchapayaru ( Green gram ) – 1 Kg

Karamani ( Cowpea ) – 1 Kg

Thuvarai ( Red gram ) – 1 Kg

4 Ennai ( Oil Seeds ) – 4.25 Kg Verkkadalai ( Groundnut ) – 2 Kg

Ell ( Gingely ) – 0.25 Kg

Aamankku ( Castor ) – 1 Kg

Soya mochai ( Soybeans ) – 1 Kg

5 Vaasanai ( Perfume seeds ) – 1.75 Kgs Thaniya ( Coriander ) – 1 Kg

Kadugu ( Mustard ) – 0.25 Kg

Venthayam ( Fenugreek ) – 0.25 Kg

Sombu ( Jeera ) – 0.25 Kg

Land needs to be tilled one or two times before the seeds are broadcasted.

Above mentioned seeds need to be mixed thoroughly and broadcasted by hand.

See also Top Organic Fertilizers

Just before flowering of the crops (3 months time), if the land is slushy, the entire crops need to be tilled again so that the crops as well as soil mix thoroughly and allowed to decompose.  If the land is not slushy, the entire crop needs to be cut at the base and allowed to decompose.

See also Types of soil found in India

Mostly this needs to be done before the main crop is grown.  If it is only for soil improvement it is better to do this during the rainy season.

See also Soil and its properties

If possible, apply  top soil  in your farm which is collected from the pond, tank etc., which is an excellent source of nutrient rich soil as most of the water that arrives in this place carry with them the top soil from many places and deposit them here.

See also:

How to prepare panchagavya an organic manure?

Greenhouse technology – Advantages and Disadvantages

Crop Rotation and its importance


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